Symptoms and Treatment of Skin Cancer

By on July 14, 2014

bloodpressure4-420x470Skin cancer is very dangerous type of cancer which is caused by harmful ultra violet radiations that come from sun. There are various symptoms or signs of skin cancer which can be cured if come to know initially. Signs and treatment of skin cancer are described below:

Symptoms

There are various symptoms of skin cancer. The most common warning sign of skin cancer is a change on the skin, typically a new mole or skin lesion or a change in an existing mole. Other symptoms of skin cancer are described below:

  • Basal cell carcinoma may appear as a small, smooth, pearly or waxy bump on the face ears and neck or as a flat, pink or brow colored lesion on the trunk or arms and legs. Reddish patch of dry skin that won’t heal
  • Flesh-colored or pink, red, or brown pearl-shaped lump
  • Pimple that just won’t clear can be its sign.
  • Sore that bleeds, heals, and then returns can be the symptom of skin cancer
  • Squamous cell carcinoma can appear as a firm, red nodule or as a rough, scaly flat lesion that may itch, bleed and become crusty. Both basal cell and squamous cell cancers mainly occur on areas of the skin frequently exposed to the sun but can occur anywhere.
  • Melanoma usually appears as a pigmented patch or bump. It may resemble a normal mole, but usually has a more irregular appearance

Treatment

Treatment of skin cancer is individualized and is determined by the type of skin cancer, its size and location and the patient’s preference.

Standard treatments for non-melanoma skin cancer and basal cell or squamous cell carcinomas include:

  1. Mohs surgery is done for high-risk non-melanoma skin cancers, excision of cancer and some extra tissue
  2. Electrodesiccation and curettage physically scraping away the skin cancer cells followed by electrosurgery
  3. Cryosurgery or freezing
  4. Laser therapy
  5. Drugs like chemotherapy,  retinoids